1870: Anglican clergyman Revd. William Floyd arrives in Fiji

Image“A body of Church of England folk in Levuka in 1868 met for the purpose of securing a clergyman to minister to them, and a committee was formed in Melbourne to forward this purpose. 

The Revd. William Floyd was a member of this Melbourne Committee, and eventually he offered his services and arrived in Fiji in 1870. 

 He proved so acceptable to the Church members that in 1874 they applied to the New Zealand Bishops to consecrate him. 

 The application was met by a request for further information and a suggestion (which proved impracticable) that the Bishop of Melanesia should undertake the episcopal oversight.

 Almost all Mr. Floyd’s papers and records were lost soon after his death, and so too little is known of his work. 

 It was 10 years before a second clergyman arrived in Fiji, and another 20 years before the third one arrived:

 – Mr. Poole to Suva in  1880 and 

 – Mr. Lateward to Labasa in 1902.

 There is extant a document granting a small piece of land in the centre of Levuka, where a small church was built, but soon destroyed in a hurricane. 

 The second church remained in use for many years, until Floyd’s dream of a building in permanent material was realised and the present church in concrete consecrated in 1904”.  

Golden Jubilee, Diocese of Polynesia, 1908-1958 Transcribed By Dr. Terry M. Brown Retired Bishop Of Malaita, 2010 Golden Jubilee 1908-1958 Diocese Of Polynesia – Suva – Fiji http://anglicanhistory.org/oceania/polynesia_jubilee1958/

 

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1859: Tannese kill Levuka plantation owner, Norman, of Sandhurst, Victoria, enroute from Levuka to Norman’s plantation at Nasavusavu: Jimmie Lasulasu survives

The Daily Southern Cross, Volume XXVI, Issue 4070, 7 September 1870, Page 3  reported Levuka trader Mr, Norman, well known in Sandhurst, Victoria, was murdered, and his body cooked after a group of 22 unnamed (slave labour) Tannese took over Norman’s boat, taking them from Levuka to Norman’s plantation. They wanted to go back home .
Meeting at Tanna: Captain Field, of the Mary Ann Christina,’ informs us that on board the ‘Colleen Bawn,’ at Tanna, he met with Jimmie Lasulasu, who has long since been reckoned with the dead. Our readers will remember that a’  William and Julia.’ which left Levuka for Nasavusavu about twelve months ago, with seventeen New Hebrides labourers, their employer, Mr. Norman, late of Sandhurst, near Melbourne, and the aforesaid Jimmie, never reached its destination. The boat was thought to have been wrecked, and all on board lost.
Tannanese wanted to go home: Jimmie Lasulasu informed Captain Field that when on their way to Nasavusavu the natives took possession of the boat, compelling them to steer first one way, and then another, and threatened to kill them if they did not land them on their own island.
Killed with a Tomahawk: On the seventeenth, day they murdered Mr. Norman, splitting his head open with a tomahawk. They cooked and ate the body, thrusting portions of his cooked companion into the face of Jimmie. The journey was long, and no food or water on board the hardships may be imagined. He reported the natives died one after the other, till by a lucky chance the boat was cast upon the shore leef of an island, only twenty miles from that to which they belonged. Jimmie has been living on that island for the last twelve months, and was perfectly nude when rescued by the ‘ Colleen Bawn ‘ a week or two since.
Another report on the same event: “One who knows ” writes to us to say that the Mr. Norman, of Melbourne, reported as having been murdered, was a Fijian planter who engaged 22 imported labours from the ‘ William and Julia,’ in June, 1869, and with one of his overseers, a man named Jimmy Lasulasu, started from Levuka to his plantation.  They always believed their countrymen had quarrelled with poor Norman (who was a well know n Melbourne grocer), and, after killing him and his overseer, had run away with the boat, probably eating their unfortunate victims on the road. The account of slaughter on the Ba coast is most likely correct, as the mountaineer natives have long been very troublesome m that part of the country, and have frequently attacked the Christian natives on the coast. It is probably the first result of the indiscriminate manner in which, these mountaineers have been supplied with arms by the white men, indirectly through the coast natives.’ Norman a managed a plantation in Fiji,  and had a grocery business at Sandhurst, Fiji. in charge of which he left left wife, now his widow, when he came down here
Tannase brought to Levuka by  Captain McLiver: He procured the labourers from the ‘ William and Julia.‘ They had been engaged and brought here by Captain McLiver, and some who came with them are said to be now on Mr. Scott’s plantation (at Vido?). A report reaches us of the murder of a man named Malony, by some white men, on the Sigo Toko River.The Daily Southern Cross, Volume XXVI, Issue 4070, 7 September 1870,

July 1870: Mountaineers from Navosa kill 370 in four towns in Ba, on the North-west coast of Viti Levu

Fiji Times of July 23:— “We have just heard frightful news from Ba, on the North-west coast of Viti Levu. For some time past the Ba people have been at war with the mountaineers, and a few have been killed on both sides, but a letter just in from the native minister informs us of a fearful massacre.

The mountaineers from Navosa came down to Nalotu, an inland district:. The Nalotu people were filled with fear, and presented peace offerings. The mountaineers then entered their towns and remained for a few days in apparent friendliness, but their number was being continually increased by new arrivals from the hills. They then turned round ‘suddenly upon the Nalotu people and slaughtered three hundred and seventy of them. That so many have been killed is beyond doubt.

370 killed: Silas, the native ministor who lives at Ba, writes * The Navuuivasi town 171 killed, Drantani 114, Koroikewa 58, Nasaga 27 — altogether 370. This number clubbed is clear, but there are many still missing, who are hiding in the jungle, or have been taken prisoners of war to Navosa.
Daily Southern Cross, Volume XXVI, Issue 4070, 7 September 1870, Page 3

July 1870: Mountaineers from Navosa kill 370 in four towns in Ba, on the North-west coast of Viti Levu

The particulars are condensed from the Fiji Times of July 23:— “We have just heard frightful news from Ba, on the North-west coast of Viti Levu. For some time past the Ba people have been at war with the mountaineers, and a few have been killed on both sides, but a letter just in from the native minister informs us of a fearful massacre.
The mountaineers from Navosa came down to Nalotu, an inland district…
Peace offerings: The Nalotu people were filled with fear, and presented peace offerings. The mountaineers then entered their towns and remained for a few days in apparent friendliness, but their number was being continually increased by new arrivals from the hills. They then turned round ‘suddenly upon the Nalotu people and slaughtered three hundred and seventy of them. That so many have been killed is beyond doubt.
Silas reports from Ba: Silas, the native minister who lives at Ba, writes “The Navuuivasi town 171 killed, Drantani 114, Koroikewa 58, Nasaga 27 — altogether 370. This number clubbed is clear, but there are many still missing, who are hiding in the jungle, or have been taken prisoners of war to Navosa”.
Daily Southern Cross, Volume XXVI, Issue 4070, 7 September 1870, Page 3

1870: English Consul, Mr Williams chases Bully Hayes from Samoa

1870: It happened in this wise. A month or two before our arrival, (October) Hayes had dropped anchor in Apia, and some ugly stories of recent irregularities in the labour trade had come to the ears of Mr Williams, the English Consul. Mr Williams, with the assistance of the natives, very cleverly seized his vessel in the night, and ran her ashore, and detained Mr Hayes pending the arrival of an English man-of-war to which he could be given in charge. But in those happy days there were no prisons in Samoa, so that his confinement was not irksome, and his only hard labour was picnics, of which he was the life and soul. All went
pleasantly until Mr Pease–a degenerate sort of pirate who made his living by half bullying, half swindling lonely white men on small islands out of their coconut oil, and unarmed merchantmen out of their stores–came to Apia in an armed ship with a Malay crew. From that moment Hayes’ life became less idyllic. Hayes and Pease conceived a most violent hatred of each other, and poor old Mr Williams was really worried into an attack of elephantiasis (which answers to the gout in those latitudes) by his continual efforts to prevent the two desperadoes from flying at each other’s throat. Heartily glad was he when Pease–who was the sort of man that always observed LES CONVENANCES when possible, and who fired a salute of twenty-one guns on the Queen’s Birthday–came one afternoon to get his papers “all regular,” and clear for sea. But lo! the next morning, when his vessel had disappeared, it was found that his enemy Captain Hayes had disappeared also, and the ladies of Samoa were left disconsolate at the departure of the most agreeable man they had ever known.
Introduction to “By Reef and Palm” by “Pembroke”, by Becke, Louis, 1855-1913. Michael Sturma reported “At the end of the nineteenth century one of Australia’s most popular writers was George Lewis `Louis’ Becke. Some hailed him as the `Rudyard Kipling of the Pacific’. Although these days Becke is little known, during the course of his writing career between 1894 and his death in 1913, he published some thirty-five books. His speciality was the south sea tale”. By Reef and Palm: Sexual Politics and South Seas Tales
Journal article by Michael Sturma; Journal of Australian Studies, No. 53, 1997

October, 1870: German traders in Apia, Samoa were shaking in their shoes for fear of what the French squadron might do to them

“When in October, 1870, I sailed into the harbour of Apia, Samoa, in the ill-fated ALBATROSS, Mr Louis Becke was gaining his first experiences of island life as a trader on his own account by running a cutter
between Apia and Savai’i. “It was rather a notable moment in Apia, for two reasons. In the first
place, the German traders were shaking in their shoes for fear of what the French squadron might do to them, and we were the bearers of the good news from Tahiti that the chivalrous Admiral Clouet, with a very
proper magnanimity, had decided not to molest them; and, secondly, the beach was still seething with excitement over the departure on the previous day of the pirate, Pease, carrying with him the yet more
illustrious “Bully” Hayes.

Introduction to “By Reef and Palm” by “Pembroke”, by  Becke, Louis, 1855-1913.   Michael Sturma reported “At the end of the nineteenth century one of Australia’s most popular writers was George Lewis `Louis’ Becke. Some hailed him as the `Rudyard Kipling of the Pacific’. Although these days Becke is little known, during the course of his writing career between 1894 and his death in 1913, he published some thirty-five books.  His speciality was the south sea tale”. By Reef and Palm: Sexual Politics and South Seas Tales Journal article by Michael Sturma; Journal of Australian Studies, No. 53, 1997

1870: Captain Robbie, and the fish god, the Dakuwaqa

“When I came to Fiji the famed fish-god, the Dakuwaqa, was very much a reality. The Government ship, the Lady Escott, reached Levuka with signs of an encounter with the great fish, while the late Captain Robbie, a well known, tall, and very erect Scot – even to his nineties, – told of the sleepy afternoon as his cutter was sailing from his tea estate at Wainunu, under a very light wind, with most of the crew dozing. A great fish, which he described as near 60 feet in length, brown-spotted and mottled on its back, with the head of a shark and the tail of a whale, came up under his ship, almost capsizing it. The crew, instantly awake and concerned, followed the ancient pattern, pouring a strong libation of kava into the sea, which, it would seem, was just the right idea for placating fish-gods; the monster slowly submerged, the breeze gradually gathered the cutter away, its keel dragging along the monster’s back, making the skin pale”.

Ref: unknown. TBA